Cannabis Sativa was the first type of cannabis to be given a name. A Swedish botanist by the name of Carl Linnaeus classified the first cannabis he found in 1753 as “sativa”, a name derived from a Latin word meaning, “to cultivate”. Linnaeus believed that the plant he found was a single species of plant until the alternate strain of cannabis indica was discovered.
Originally this strain was grown in countries near the equator because the plant thrives in places with long daylight hours and ample sunshine. The most commonly cultivated countries included Thailand, Mexico, and Columbia.
The plants can grow upwards of 20 feet in height if they are given the space, but most of the plants cultivated for recreational or medicinal use will top out between 8 and 12 feet in height. The plant is characterized by the long and thin leaves which are reminiscent of fingers. These leaves are shaped thusly so that they can stretch out and accumulate as much sunshine as possible. Sativa plants take longer to cultivate than other plants, but the produce a reward well worth the wait.
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Cannabis sativa continues to be used for medicinal and recreational purposes. For medicinal use, the cannabis is harvested and purchased in the form of dried buds most often. For sativa, the characteristics of the leaves are passed on to the buds. To that end, the buds purchased are often loose and light. They contain long wisps that look similar to hair. There are often color accents which are red or orange, indicative of their warmer climate. When sativa blooms, the flowers grow on the branch as though they are stretched out.
The buds, in essence, are wispy, or fluffy. They are less dense and long. They are often highlighted with orange or red coloring.
When trying to differentiate between plants, one way you can identify Sativa strains is by the name. Many sativa strains are taken from multiple locations so they have the term “haze” in their names. This of course, shouldn’t be your go-to identifier. Some of the more common strain names for Sativa include:
- Purple Haze
- Sour Diesel
- White Widow
It is important to note that while names were once an easy identifier, with the pending legalization of marijuana all over the developed world, many companies have created branded names for different strains which are used on licensed products. Two companies could advertise OG Kush, but they might each grow different iterations of the same plant, which means that the names are the same but the products differ.
Sativa strains are most commonly used during the day because they provide energetic and more uplifting effects. Sativa strains can offer better mental focus, higher energy levels, and better creativity. To that end, those who count afternoon or mid-morning fatigue and enjoy heightened productivity often use Sativa strains.
There are other effects that Sativa can have such as social improvements, laughter, and conversations. This strain is popular among musicians, artists, and philosophers. It can enhance sounds, lights, and surroundings such that they appear more vibrant. There are higher amounts of CBD, or cannabidiol, in Sativa which provides less of a “high” feeling and more functionality.